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Financial and Economic

Michael D. McDonald's picture

The mission of the Financial and Economic working group is to address financial and economic issues affecting relief and recovery.

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UN Rolls Out Aid Package for Cholera-Hit Haiti

submitted by Mike Perrett           


Haiti's cholera epidemic started in 2010 and has and killed more than 10,000 people and affected 700,000.  AFP/File / by André VIOLLAZ - AFP - by André VIOLLAZ - September 29, 2016

UNITED NATIONS (UNITED STATES) (AFP) - The United Nations will mobilize $181 million to shore up the emergency response to the cholera epidemic in Haiti and at least an equal amount for the victims and their families, a senior UN official says.

The financial package follows the United Nations's admission that it had a moral responsibility to help Haiti deal with the epidemic that broke out near a UN peacekeepers' base. . . .

. . . The new measures are on top of a bigger 10-year plan valued at $2.2 billion to help Haiti improve its sanitation infrastructure, which the United Nations launched with the Haitian government.


U.N. Struggles to Stem Haiti Cholera Epidemic


A young Haitian fishing in the Latem River, known to be contaminated. The country is still struggling to stem a cholera epidemic.  Ian Willms for The New York Times - By RANDAL C. ARCHIBOLD and SOMINI SENGUPTA - April 19, 2014

CHAPOTEAU, Haiti — For three years, the United Nations has refused to address whether its peacekeepers brought a deadly strain of cholera to Haiti, insisting instead that it was more important to help the country stanch the disease once and for all.

But on that score, it is still very far behind. In some ways, Haiti is even less equipped to tackle cholera than it was three years ago.


Social Suffering in Soleil


Baby Boy (Photo by John Carroll) - by John A. Carroll, MD - - February 13, 2014

. . So what happened here? Didn’t you hear that things are going much better in Haiti now? I read it in the news. . .

We won’t be able to go to Soleil tomorrow. Too much shooting. Gangs against gangs and then the police come and shoot too. My driver Djongo does not play. He grew up in Soleil.

That is what Djongo told me a few weeks ago. But the next morning I talked him into taking me into Soleil anyway.

There were no gunshots that fine morning as we coursed through the Soleil streets near the general market where MINUSTAH and the Haitian police are located. Everything seemed normal. But the general pediatric clinic in the back of Soleil was only one-quarter full and the starving-baby clinic was one-half full. My guess was that the mothers were too afraid to navigate the streets of the slum with their babies and toddlers. So they stayed closer to home. Food and illness and immunizations came in second to the threat of bullets.

International coaliton pledges* $28.1 million to fight cholera in Haiti and D.R.

An international coaliton pledges their support.

Image: An international coaliton pledges their support. - June 4th, 2013

An international coalition consisting of the World Bank, Pan American Health Organization and UNICEF has pledged* an accumulated $28.1 million [US] to fight cholera in Haiti and the Dominican Republic.

The pledged* support includes $20 million [US] from the World Bank, $5 million [US] from UNICEF and $3.1 million [US] from PAHO and the World Health Organization (WHO).

The International Federation of the Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies, which accumulated billions after the earthquake in Haiti, said it would launch a donation drive for funds.


UN Emergency Fund Allocates Extra $1.5 Million for Cholera Response in Haiti


At a camp for displaced persons in Port au Prince, Haiti, residents get bleach and water purification tablets which are used in cholera prevention. Photo: UN/MINUSTAH/Logan Abassi

18 July 2013 – The United Nations emergency relief fund will allocate an additional $1.5 million to the cholera response in Haiti, at a time when cases are set to rise due to the rainy season.

“Cholera has claimed over 8,100 lives and infected over 660,000 people since the outbreak began in Haiti in 2010,” said the Operations Director of the UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (UNOCHA), John Ging.

“It is vital that we do not allow more lives to be lost.”

The latest allocation brings the total amount provided this year by the UN Central Emergency Response Fund (CERF) for emergency cholera response in Haiti to $4 million.

“The CERF contribution is greatly appreciated,” said acting Humanitarian Coordinator for Haiti Sophie de Caen, “but we cannot rely upon the CERF as a primary funding source. I urge donors to increase their support to these critical activities.”

Letter - Cholera in Haiti - March 22, 2013

Letter to the Editor - by Curt Welling, President and Chief Exec. - AmeriCares

A Worsening Haitian Tragedy” (editorial, March 18) points out the sad reality that cholera is now endemic in Haiti. But it gives the impression that most aid organizations are leaving the country at a time when thousands are dying from a preventable disease.

While some aid groups have indeed left the country or are scaling back programs, others have made fighting the epidemic their top priority.


Report - National Plan for the Elimination of Cholera in Haiti 2013-2022

Republic of Haiti
Ministry of Public Health and Population
National Directorate for Water Supply and Sanitation

National Plan for the Elimination of Cholera in Haiti 2013-2022 (114 page .PDF report)


In October 2010, a cholera epidemic, like that of the January 12 earthquake, unexpectedly struck our country. The general population was still recovering and bandaged from injuries inflicted by the earthquake. This epidemic brought to light all the weaknesses of the Haitian health system.

Lacking expertise and resources to fight major endemic diseases, this new cholera epidemic gave rise to widespread panic. Officials of all categories (political and technical) rapidly realized that they must roll up their sleeves and manage the situation in order to prevent a rampant increase in the number of deaths and allow the population to rebuild their health.

Once again the Friends of Haiti did not compete in this struggle. They rallied to help bridge the gap, while transferring their knowledge and expertise to Haitian technical staff.

A Worsening Haitian Tragedy - March 17, 2013

The aid group Doctors Without Borders said last Tuesday that the cholera crisis in Haiti was getting worse, for the most unnecessary and appalling of reasons: a lack of money and basic medical supplies.

. . . International efforts to defeat the epidemic include a 10-year, $2.2 billion plan for major investments in clean water, sanitation and medical infrastructure. But that is a project for the future, one that isn’t even funded yet. Doctors Without Borders says people are dying now, needlessly, because attention and money are running out.


Ex-Jamaican Leader Blasts UN For Denying Haiti Cholera Claims - March 14, 2013

BRIDGETOWN, Barbados — Former Jamaican Prime Minister P. J. Patterson blasted the decision by the United Nations to invoke “legal immunity” for rejecting compensation claims by some 5,000 Haitian victims of cholera.

“It is simply appalling, a most reprehensible behavior… for the U.N. to claim such immunity,” Patterson told the Jamaica Observer in a telephone interview.

“The more so when scientific evidence substantiates that the cholera epidemic was originally introduced in Haiti at the time by peace-keeping soldiers (from Nepal) under U.N. command,” Patterson said.


PAHO/WHO to Support Haiti with $500,000 for Water and Sanitation Connections in Health Centers

Funds will help improve care for cholera patients following departure of international NGOs

Washington, D.C., 5 March 2013 (PAHO/WHO) — The Pan American Health Organization/World Health Organization (PAHO/WHO) will provide $500,000 from its technical cooperation resources to finance the installation of water and sanitation connections in primary healthcare centers in Haiti, under Haiti’s new National Plan for the Elimination of Cholera 2013-2022.

PAHO Director Carissa F. Etienne announced the new funding during Haiti’s official launch of the plan last week. The plan outlines $2.2 billion in investments in water and sanitation infrastructure, epidemiological and microbiological surveillance, health-care management, and health promotion and hygiene over the next 10 years. It budgets $485.9 million in investments over the next two years (2013-2015).

Martelly and Lamothe Met with Parliamentarians Yesterday - October 28, 2012

After his overflight assessment of the situation (by helicopter), the Prime Minister, Laurent Lamothe accompanied of President Michel Martelly, met Saturday the parliamentarians in Port-au-Prince, about the crisis that confronts Haiti after the passage of Sandy After this meeting, the Prime Minister at a press conference explained "[...] As you know, this morning I appealed to national solidarity because it is important that the powers are harmonized, to be able to manage the current crisis we are experiencing and that we will continue to live, because we have a provisional toll of 200,000 victims affected and 44 casualties and this is a record that will certainly increase.

We have several cities, which are cut off from the rest of the country, which are flooded, as Léogâne, Petit-Goâve and Grand-Goâve. There are many problems in Les Cayes where many gardens are lost, Côtes de Fer is under water, we are facing a major crisis.

The Truth Behind the Numbers: Why Haiti Did Not Dodge a Bullet with Tropical Storm Isaac


The aftermath of Tropical Storm Isaac in Haiti. Photo by Stephania Musset. - by Angela Bruce Raeburn - August 31, 2012

As Tropical Storm Isaac dumped torrential rains on Haiti this past weekend, many found a silver lining in the fact that only 24 Haitians died. . .

. . . But the effects of Isaac will be felt for quite some time and could result in a much higher death toll. Haiti did not dodge a bullet.


U.K. Plans to Spend $3.16 Million on Sierra Leone Cholera - by Paul Tinder - August 28, 2012

The United Kingdom is activating a $3.16 million emergency plan to stop the cholera epidemic from spreading in the African state of Sierra Leone after more than 200 people have died.

The Department for International Development is using a network called the Rapid Response Facility to deliver sanitation, water and emergency medical assistance to the country. Charities such as the British Red Cross, Care International, Concern, Oxfam, International Rescue Committee and Save the Children are mobilizing as part of the response to the water-borne disease, BBC reports.


Interview with Nigel Fisher, UN Resident and Humanitarian Coordinator for Haiti


UN News Centre

Nigel Fisher, UN Resident and Humanitarian Coordinator for Haiti. UN Photo/JC McIlwaine

3 May 2012 – While the overall humanitarian situation has improved, funding for relief work has fallen, leading to some concerns about the ability of the humanitarian community to fully provide frontline services for those in need.

U.S. Lawmakers Press for Action on Cholera in Haiti

submitted by Ted Kaplan

The New York Times - by Deborah Sontag - July 21, 2012

In a letter sent this week, 104 members of the United States House of Representatives urged Susan E. Rice, American ambassador to the United Nations, to press the international organization to take the lead in responding to cholera in Haiti given the strong suspicions that its troops imported the disease. “As cholera was brought to Haiti due to the actions of the U.N., we believe that it is imperative for the U.N. to now act decisively to control the cholera epidemic,” said the letter from John Conyers Jr., Democrat of Michigan, and the other representatives. . . . The letter calls for the United Nations to push harder to find financing for water and sanitation systems to control the epidemic.


New Partner Organizations Back Water and Sanitation Investments to Eliminate Cholera from Hispaniola                                    (CLICK HERE FOR PHOTOS FROM THE EVENT)

Washington, D.C., 29 June 2012 (PAHO/WHO) – Representatives of international and civil society organizations today agreed to promote major investments in water and sanitation infrastructure in Haiti and the Dominican Republic as the long-term solution to the cholera epidemic in those countries.

Red Cross Now Supporting the Need for Phase II Cholera Epidemic Management Initiative

International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies (IFRC)
The Looming Threat - Advocacy Report on Cholera - June 2012

19 June 2012, Port-au-Prince - “There is a significant probability of a major cholera emergency in Haiti in the coming months but resources have been severely diminished”, urges the advocacy report launched today by the International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent in Haiti.

An increase in cholera cases has been reported in the Artibonite, Nord-Ouest, Nord-Est, and Ouest Departments, in the island of Gonave, as well as in displaced camps in the Port-au-Prince metropolitan area and surrounding communities. The Pan American Health Organization (PAHO) estimates that new cases diagnosed by the end of 2012 could reach 170,000.

leiderman: cholera news and correspondence recap, mid-june'12, thank you

The following chronology plus the attached are concerns and responses across my desk in the past week to continuing efforts among many to understand and become a match for the cholera epidemic in Haiti. These were supplemented by telephone calls.

The signing of an international and interagency water/sanitation/anti-cholera declaration for Haiti and the Dominican Republic will be held June 29 at the Organization of American States, Washington, D.C. Attendance details below.

Thank you,

Stuart Leiderman

- - - - - - -

Date: Thu, 14 Jun 2012 14:10:07 GMT

Dear Community leaders,

I hope that this e-mail will find you in very good spirit.

Video - Laurent Lamothe Meets the American Red Cross to Engage Pledged Moneys in Benefiting the Haitian People Now

See video

"There are two objectives for meeting the Red Cross.  The first objective is to thank the Red Cross for all the efforts deployed in Haiti during the earthquake.  The second objective is that the Red Cross collected more than 1.13 billion dollars for Haiti and there are still several hundred million left.  So we came here with our team to discuss our priorities and where we would like the Red Cross to allocate these funds that they have for Haiti according to the priorities of the Haitian government and the Haitian people.  We came to talk to them, work alongside with them according to the priorities of the Haitian people."

youtube - June 13, 2012

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